The Chhath Puja is performed in order to thank Surya for sustaining life on earth and to request the granting of certain wishes.Chhath is an ancient Hindu festival of Indian subcontinent and people of Indian ethinicity and is the only Vedic Festival dedicated to the Hindu Sun God, Surya and Chhathi Maiya (ancient Vedic Goddess Usha).
The Sun, considered as the god of energy and of the life-force, is worshiped during the Chhath festival to promote well-being, prosperity and progress. In Hinduism, Sun worship is believed to help cure a variety of diseases, including leprosy, and helps ensure the longevity and prosperity of family members, friends, and elders.
The rituals of the festival are rigorous and are observed over a period of four days. They include holy bathing, fasting and abstaining from drinking water (Vratta), standing in water for long periods of time, and offering prashad (prayer offerings) and arghya to the setting and rising sun.
Although the festival is observed most elaborately in Mithila Region of Nepal and Terai Region of Nepal including Indian states of Bihar, Jharkhand and eastern UP, and is more prevalent in areas where migrants from those areas have a presence, It is celebrated in all Northern regions and major Northern urban centers in India bordering Nepal. The festival is celebrated in the regions including but not exclusive to the northeast region of India, Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Chandigarh, Gujarat, Delhi,MumbaiMauritius, Fiji, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Suriname, and Jamaica.
Chhath Puja is one of the most ancient Hindu festivals ever surviving on earth. Chhath Puja is referred to as the only Vedic festival celebrated in India.
Chhath Puja is observed for a period of four days during the month of Kartika. Chhath Puja ritual includes holy bathing, Vrat (fasts) and other holy severities. Chhath Puja is dedicated to Sun god, Surya. Devotees pay reverence to Lord Surya during Chhath Puja by bowing before the Sun. This is done to invoke the blessings of the powerful god. It is believed that Surya sustains life on earth. On Chhath Puja, Surya is expressed gratitude and he is worshiped for the fulfillment of certain desires. Chhath Puja is also known as Chhath Shashthi, Surya Shashti, Chhathi Maiya, and Chhath Parv.
As per the Hindu texts, Surya's energy is magnanimous. Therefore, Surya is believed to cure deadly diseases like leprosy, and increases a person's longevity.
Chhath puja is dedicated to the worship of the Sun God 'Surya'. Instead of idol worship, it's gratifying to worship a natural phenomenon which is the life force of the entire universe.
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